Article 4 directions

An article 4 direction (A4D) is part of planning legislation that allows the Council to remove permitted development rights including changes of use from an area or a particular property in certain limited situations where it is necessary to protect local amenity or the well being of an area.

An Article 4 Direction does not prevent the development to which it applies, but instead requires that planning permission is first obtained from the Council for that development.

Permitted development (PD) rights are a national grant of planning permission which allow certain works and change of use to be carried out without having to make a planning application under the Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) (England) Order 2015 (“the Order”). These rights can be withdrawn under Article 4(1) of the order if there is a justification for both its purpose and extent.

The article 4 directions on this page refer to a change of use of properties, and are not in relation to works to a dwelling house in conservation areas that have article 4 directions. Please see St Mark’s conservation area or De Beauvoir conservation area for more information.

Article 4 Directions – Commercial, business and service use to Residential

Article 4 Directions relating to the change of use from commercial, business and service use to residential.

Two non-immediate Article 4 Directions have been made to remove permitted development rights regarding the change of use from class E use (commercial, business and service uses) to C3 use (dwellinghouses). The Directions apply to the sites shown on the Schedule of Maps in the Article 4 Direction (s). The effect of the Directions means that a change of use from a town centre use to residential and an office use to residential in these locations will require planning permission and will be assessed against our Local Plan planning policies.

The Directions were made by the Council on 10 February 2022 and if confirmed by the Secretary of State will come into force on 11 February 2023.

Article 4 Direction Hackney Central Activity Zone, Tech City, Dalston and Hackney Central

Article 4 Direction District Centres and Local Shopping Centres

Representations

We would like to hear your views on whether the proposed Article 4 Direction would be appropriate. In compliance with the General Permitted Development Order (GDPO) 2015 Regulations, the London Borough of Hackney considers that the serving of individual notice to directly affected owners and occupants is not practical.

Representations may be made in respect of the Article 4 Direction between Thursday 10 February 2022 until Thursday 24 March 2022 by email planmaking@hackney.gov.uk or can be posted or delivered by hand to Strategic Planning, Planning Service, Freepost RUCX-SYUB-HYKL, Planning and Regulatory Services, London Borough of Hackney, 1 Hillman Street, London E8 1DY

Map of article 4 directions

Shacklewell Green conservation area

We have a made a non-immediate article 4 direction over part of the Shacklewell Green Conservation Area, as designated 19 February 2018, to remove certain permitted development rights.

The direction applies to the following properties:

  • April Street numbers 1 to 14 (all)
  • Perch Street numbers 1 to 25 (all)
  • Seal Street numbers 1 to 36 (all)
  • Shacklewell Lane numbers 97 to 129 (odd), 1 to 18 Milton House Mansions (all)

The Direction removes permitted development rights under Schedule 2, Part 1, Development within the curtilage of a dwelling house, Classes A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H and Schedule 2, Part 2, Minor Operations, Classes A, B, C of the Town & Country Planning (General Permitted Development Development) (England) Order 2015 as amended.

Date made: 30 August 2018. Effective from: 22 October 2019.

Documents

Office to residential use

We have made a non-immediate article 4 direction to remove permitted development rights for change of use from B1(a) (offices) to C3 (dwellinghouses) permitted under Class O of Part 3 of schedule 2 of the General Permitted Development Order (GPDO). It applies to the following locations:

Priority employment areas and town centres

Date made: 20 July 2015. Effective from: 15 September 2016.

  • Red Square priority employment area
  • Shacklewell priority employment area
  • Hackney Downs priority employment area
  • Belfast Road priority employment area
  • Anton Street priority employment area
  • Tilia Street priority employment area
  • Prout St priority employment area
  • Theydon Road priority employment area
  • the remainder of the Hackney Central Area Action Plan (AAP) area currently not exempt from these PD rights by the government following submission of the Council’s category A exemption bid in 2013 relating to employment areas of ‘national significance’
  • Manor House AAP area
  • Hackney Central district town centre (where they’re not already exempt and aren’t within the AAP area)
  • Stoke Newington district town centre

Documents

Exemption area

Date made: 12 March 2018. Effective from: 8 April 2019.

Certain areas of Hackney were granted exemption from change of use from B1(a) (offices) to C3 (dwellinghouses) by the government in May 2013 on the basis that loss of office space in these locations would constitute a threat to this nationally significant area of economic activity. The exemption expires in May 2019 so we’ve made an Article 4 Direction to enable us to continue to manage changes of use to ensure that valuable employment floorspace in this area is protected to support this significant area of economic activity and to protect the amenity and wellbeing of the area.

Please refer to the map to see the extent of the area – it covers Shoreditch and much of Hoxton, Dalston and Hackney Central.

Documents

Retail to residential use

We’ve made a non-immediate article 4 direction to remove permitted development rights for change of use from A1 (shops) and A2 (financial and professional services) to C3 (dwellinghouses) permitted under Class M of part 3 of schedule 2 of the GPDO. It applies to the following locations:

Town centres

Date made: 20 July 2015. Effective from: 15 September 2016.

  • Dalston major town centre
  • Hackney Central district town centre
  • Stoke Newington High Street district town centre
  • Finsbury Park district town centre
  • Manor House local shopping centre
  • Stamford Hill local shopping centre
  • Stoke Newington Church Street local shopping centre
  • Upper Clapton Road local shopping centre
  • Stoke Newington Road local shopping centre
  • Lower Clapton Road local shopping centre
  • Chatsworth Road local shopping centre
  • Wick Road local shopping centre
  • Well Street local shopping centre
  • Kingsland Road local shopping centre
  • Broadway Market local shopping centre
  • Lauriston Road local shopping centre
  • Hoxton Street local shopping centre
  • Shacklewell Lane local shopping centre

Documents

Additional town centre areas (proposed in LP33)

Date made: 15 January 2018. Effective from: 11 February 2019

  • east of Dalston major town centre
  • additions to Hackney Central town centre
  • Dunsmure Road local shopping centre
  • Oldhill Street local shopping centre
  • Green Lanes local shopping centre
  • Hackney Downs local shopping centre

Documents

Flexible town centre uses

We’ve made a non-immediate article 4 direction to remove permitted development rights for flexible changes of use from A1 (shop), A2 (financial and professional services), A3 (café and restaurant), A4 (drinking establishment), A5 (fast food take-away), B1 (office), D1 (non-residential institutions) and D2 (assembly and leisure), or a betting office or pay day loan shop to convert for a period of 2 years to class A1, A2, A3 or B1 use, as permitted under Class D of Part 4 of Schedule 2 of the GPDO.

The direction applies to the following locations:

Town centres

Date made: 20 July 2015. Effective from: 15 September 2016.

  • Dalston major town centre
  • Hackney Central district town centre
  • Stoke Newington High Street district town centre
  • Finsbury Park district town centre
  • Manor House local shopping centre
  • Stamford Hill local shopping centre
  • Stoke Newington Church Street local shopping centre
  • Upper Clapton Road local shopping centre
  • Stoke Newington Road local shopping centre
  • Lower Clapton Road local shopping centre
  • Chatsworth Road local shopping centre
  • Wick Road local shopping centre
  • Well Street local shopping centre
  • Kingsland Road local shopping centre
  • Broadway Market local shopping centre
  • Lauriston Road local shopping centre
  • Hoxton Street local shopping centre
  • Shacklewell Lane local shopping centre

Documents

Additional town centre areas proposed in LP33

Date made: 15 January 2018. Effective from: 11 February 2019.

  • east of Dalston major town centre
  • additions to Hackney Central town centre
  • Dunsmure Road local shopping centre
  • Oldhill Street local shopping centre
  • Green Lanes local shopping centre
  • Hackney Downs local shopping centre

Documents

Launderette to residential

We’ve made an article 4 direction to remove permitted development rights for change of use from launderettes to C3 (dwellinghouses) permitted under Class M of Part 3 of schedule 2 of the GPDO.

Date made: 1 May 2017. Effective from: 14 May 2018.

The Direction applies to launderettes at the following locations:

  • 50 Matthias Road
  • 6 Felton Street
  • 6 Gilpin Road
  • 253 Amhurst Road
  • 29 Marsh Hill
  • 20B Pitfield Street
  • 88 Stoke Newington High Street
  • 6-7  Downs Court Parade, Amhurst Road
  • 234 Haggerston Road
  • 112 Upper Clapton Road
  • 94 Chatsworth Road
  • 202 Well Street
  • 195 Mount Pleasant lane
  • 94 Weymouth Terrace
  • 16 Stamford Hill – effective from 11 February 2019

The permitted development right does not apply to Article 2(3) land (ie. a conservation area) – so launderettes located in conservation areas have been excluded from the list above.

Light industrial to residential use

We have made a non-immediate article 4 direction to remove permitted development rights for change of use from Class B1(c) (light industrial) to C3 (dwellinghouses) permitted under Class PA of Part 3 of schedule 2 of the GPDO.

Date made: 1 May 2017. Effective from: 14 May 2018.

This direction applies to the whole of the London borough of Hackney.

Storage and distribution to residential use

We’ve made a non-immediate article 4 direction to remove permitted development rights for change of use from Class B8 (storage and distribution) to C3 (dwellinghouses) permitted under Class P of Part 3 of schedule 2 of the GPDO.

Date made: 1 May 2017. Effective from: 14 May 2018.

This Direction applies to the whole of the London borough of Hackney.

The Chesham Arms Public House, 15 Mehetabel Road, London, E9 6DU

The Council has made an immediate article 4 direction to remove permitted development rights which would allow the change the use at The Chesham Arms Public House at 15 Mehetabel Road, London, E9 6DU falling within Class A4 (drinking establishment) to a Class A1 (shops), Class A2 (financial and professional services) or Class A3 (café and restaurant).

Date made: 4 March 2015. Effective from: 4 March 2015.

The change of use referred to above presents an immediate threat to local amenity or prejudices the proper planning of the area. The article 4 direction means that a planning application must now be submitted for all proposed changes of use at the property to allow the Council to assess the impacts that a change of use would have on the site. A consultation period ran between 4 March and 17 April 2015.

A decision was made at cabinet on 20 July 2015 for the direction to be confirmed and the direction was confirmed 2 September 2015.

Documents

For enquiries, email: planmaking@hackney.gov.uk or tel 020 8356 8084.

Page updated on: 11 February 2022

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